Document Type

Case Report


Internal Medicine


Ectopic parathyroid tumors are uncommon, accounting for only 6% of parathyroid adenomas, and even fewer cases are attributed to parathyroid carcinomas. While ectopic parathyroid carcinoma in the anterior mediastinum is a rare condition, the occurrence of recurrent skeletal fractures in the presence of mild hypercalcemia is even rarer. In this report, we present the case of a 52-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and a previous right-sided intertrochanteric fracture of the femur one year earlier. He presented to the emergency room with left-sided hip pain and shortness of breath due to volume overload. Laboratory tests revealed mild hypercalcemia and hyperparathyroidism, with normal vitamin D levels. An X-ray showed a left neck of femur fracture. Further evaluation with a three-phase skeletal scintigraphy indicated the presence of metabolic bone disease. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the chest revealed a solitary soft tissue nodule in the anterior mediastinum, representing an ectopic parathyroid adenoma. The lesion was successfully removed using video-assisted thoracic surgery, and the histopathological analysis confirmed the diagnosis of parathyroid carcinoma. The combination of mild hypercalcemia and recurrent fractures is an unusual presentation of ectopic parathyroid carcinoma, underscoring the importance of considering this condition as a potential cause in similar cases to ensure timely and appropriate treatment.


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Publication (Name of Journal)

The Cureus Journal of Medical Science