Document Type



Internal Medicine


This study aims to determine the frequency of perioperative hypertension and its types (pre, intra and post-operative) hypertension in patients admitted for surgical procedures. This was a cross-sectional study conducted between the years 2012-2013 at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. Patients admitted for any surgical procedure during this time were included. Perioperative hypertension has been defined as systolic blood pressure of >140 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure of >90 mm Hg or whose blood pressure increased by 20% during surgery. A total of 428 surgical procedures were reviewed for the study. Overall perioperative hypertension was present in 231 (54%) of the patients. In the sample, 91 (21.7%) had pre-operative hypertension, 126(29.4%) reported pre-surgery hypertension, 24(5.6%) had intra-operative hypertension and 63(14.7%) had post-operative hypertension. Mean pain score was 1.43(1.4) v 1.25(1.2) in those with postoperative hypertension v no post-operative hypertension.

Publication (Name of Journal)

JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License.