Title

Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) in adults: A report of two cases

Document Type

Article

Department

Internal Medicine

Abstract

Spinal cord injury without any radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) is rare in adults. We describe here two case reports of adult patients, who presented to us with quadriplegia, following a road traffic accident. Plain radiography and computed tomography (CT) of cervical spine were normal. Hence the patients were diagnosed as cases of adult SCIWORA. However, subsequent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the two patients revealed cervical cord injury in the form of cord contusion and disc protrusion, respectively. Patient with cord contusion was managed medically, whereas the patient with disc lesion was treated with discectomy. Patient treated with discectomy showed marked improvement. Therefore, patients having no osseous injury on X ray and CT scan should have an MRI study done to look for surgically correctable pathology. As in such rare patients of SCIOWRA an early diagnosis and timely intervention is crucial; with MRI playing a pivotal role.

Publication

Journal of Pakistan Medical Association

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