Document Type



Internal Medicine


Atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are common congenital anomalies presenting in childhood. Life expectancy of an uncorrected PDAis shortened to half; and ASD of a significant size has increased morbidity and mortality. Their co-existence in an elderly patient with first presentation at 70 years of age is a rarity. We present the case of a 70-year woman with one-week history of dyspnea with high blood pressure and signs of heart failure. She was found to have a PDA and an ASD with left-to-right shunt. She was managed conservatively. She was offered cardiac catheterization, but she refused. This is the first documented case in local literature with two such congenital heart defects presenting in a septuagenarian. In a country where average life expectancy is in the 60's, the survival of the patient with two heart defects, beyond-average survival age, is interesting.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.