Document Type

Case Report


Haematology/Oncology; Pathology and Laboratory Medicine


A-64-year old male presented with cough, weight loss, and maculopapular rash for 15-20 days. On examination, he was found to have cervical lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly. His leukocyte count was 62.1x109/L, platelets were 1169x109/L and LDH was 816 IU/L. Peripheral blood film showed a leukoerythroblastic picture with thrombocytosis. He was started on hydroxyurea and allopurinol. Subsequently, bone marrow evaluation was done which depicted increased lymphoid cells with an M:E ratio of 4:1. Cellular areas exhibited an increase in myeloid precursors along with prominent lymphoid cells and abundant megakaryocytes. Immunohistochemistry showed an increase in B-lymphocytes. Grade MF-2 reticulin fibrosis was noted. Overall findings suggested essential thrombocythemia (ET). On flow cytometry, CD45-positive lymphoid cells population was 31% and showed reactivity to Pan-B-markers with lambda light chain restriction. Janus Kinase 2 (JAK 2) mutation was detected while BCR-ABL1 translocation was negative. A diagnosis of ET progressing to myelofibrosis and mature B-lymphoproliferative disorder was made. Hydroxyurea and allopurinol were stopped while ruxolitinib was introduced and 2.5 years later he remains stable on this treatment.

Publication (Name of Journal)

International Journal of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License