Helicobacter pylori: correlation of the virulence marker iceA allele with clinical outcome in a high prevalence area

Document Type



Medicine; Gastroenterology; Pathology and Microbiology


The association of Helicobacter pylori virulence marker ‘induced by contact with epithelium A’ (iceA) allele types was determined in H.pylori-related diseases and virulence markers. Gastric biopsies were obtained at EGD from patients for culture, histopathology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for iceA types, cagA and vacA alleles. Two hundred and eighty-four H. pylori isolates were examined. iceA type1 was positive in 177 (62%) and iceA type 2 in 158 (56%). In iceA type 2, gastric ulcer was present in 34 (21%) (P<0.001) and carcinoma in 28 (25%) (P=0.002), compared to nine (8%) and 2 (2%) in iceA type 2-negative cases. For iceA type 2, 139 (88%) were associated with chronic active gastritis compared to 95 (75%) (P=0.006) in iceA type 2- negative. H. pylori cagA was positive in 101 (64%) iceA type 2 strains compared to 57 (45%) in negative strains (P=0.002). H. pylori iceA type 2 was dominant and associated with cagA, chronic active inflammation, gastric ulcer and carcinoma.

Publication (Name of Journal)

British Journal of Biomedical Science