Helicobacter pylori cagA and vacA cytotoxin genes in Changsha, China

Document Type



Medicine; Gastroenterology


Cytotoxin-associated protein (cagA) and the vacuolating cytotoxin (vacA) encoded by cagA and vacA genes are virulence determinants of Helicobacter pylori. In earlier studies among Chinese patients, all H. pylori strains were cagA-positive and vacAs1a/m2 type. Here, we determine the cagA, vacA and allele status of H. pylori strains isolated from patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms in Changsha, China. Forty strains of H. pylori isolated from patients with peptic ulcer disease between March 1997 and August 1999 were recovered from storage at -80 degrees C and studied by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for cagA and vacA genotypes. cagA was positive in 75% of H. pylori isolates. Patients with peptic ulcer demonstrated cagA in 83% (15/18), compared with 68% (15/22) patients with superficial gastritis. vacAs1 allele was carried in 82.5% (33/40) isolates, of which 52.5% (21/40) were subtype vacAs1a/m2 and 17.5% (7/40) were subtype vacAs1b/m2.


This work was published prior to author joined Aga Khan University

Publication (Name of Journal)

British Journal of Biomedical Science