Aim:To determine the efficacy of gastric juice polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of H pylori infection in comparison with histology and gastric antral biopsy PCR in Patients on a proton pump inhibitor (PPI).
Eighty-five consecutive Patients with dyspeptic symptoms were enrolled. Gastric biopsies for histology, PCR and gastric juice were collected at endoscopy for PCR of the H pylori urease C gene (ure C). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), accuracy, positive and negative likelihood ratio for PCR of gastric juice for the H pylori ure C gene was compared to histology and gastric antral biopsy H pylori ure C PCR in Patients with and without PPI.
Gastric juice PCR was positive in 66 (78%) Patients. Histology showed H pylori associated gastritis in 57 (67%). Gastric biopsy PCR was positive in 72 (85%). In Patients not taking PPI, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, accuracy and positive and negative likelihood ratio for gastric juice PCR were 89%, 72%, 91%, 67%, 90%, 85%, 3.1 and 0.1 respectively. In Patients on PPI these values were 86%, 100%%, 100%, 29%, 86%, 9.5 and 1.4, respectively.
Gastric juice PCR for the diagnosis of H pylori infection has increased sensitivity compared to histology with PPI. The use of gastric juice PCR is recommended to confirm H pylori status in Patients taking PPIs.
World Journal of Gastroenterology
(2008). Gastric juice for the diagnosis of H pylori infection in patients on proton pump inhibitors. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 14(10), 1539-1543.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_med_gastroenterol/20