Title

Presentation, management, and outcomes of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas: An experience from a developing country

Document Type

Article

Department

Medicine; Diabetes/Endocrinology and Metabolism

Abstract

Objective: The goal of this study was to evaluate the presentation, management, and clinical outcome of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) in a tertiary care setup.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patient records of 157 patients with the diagnosis of NFPA managed at Aga Khan University Hospital, a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2017. We collected data on basic demographic characteristics, signs, and presenting symptoms, management, and outcomes. Data analysis was performed by using Stata, Version 12 (StataCorp LLC, College Station, TX).
Results: Most patients in the study were men (59%), and the mean age of the study population was 48 ± 14 years. The main presentations of NFPA were visual disturbance (77%) and headache (55%). In 78% of patients, the tumor was >1 cm on MRI. Most (87%) of patients underwent surgical resection, and of those, 93% received transsphenoidal surgery that was well tolerated. In the study population, 31% of patients had transient, 9% had permanent diabetes insipidus, and 25% developed hyponatremia. Of those in the study, 53% had low cortisol, 57% had hypothyroidism, and 27% needed sex hormone replacement after surgery. Residual tumor was confirmed in 43% of patients by postoperative MRI. Tumor recurrence and regrowth occurred in 17 patients and required repeat resection or radiosurgery.
Conclusion: In Pakistan, patients with NFPAs are more likely to present during the later stage, with larger adenoma and compressive symptoms compared to patients in developed countries. For the detection of residual disease and tumor recurrence, close screening and a multidisciplinary approach are needed after surgery.

Comments

Pagination are not provided by the author/publisher

Publication

Cureus

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