Document Type



Diabetes/Endocrinology and Metabolism


Objective: To compare mean homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in patients with and without chronicobstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Methods: A Case control analytic study was conducted in medical outpatient department of Medial Unit-II of Dow University of Health Sciences from April 2013 to September 2013. All patients with the diagnosis of COPD were included as cases. Controls were age match healthy individuals with minor illnesses. Age, weight, height and forced expiratory volume in one second to forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) ratio were documented. Fasting blood glucose and fasting insulin levels were done. Body mass index (BMI) and IR was calculated using the formulas. HOMA-IR was compared between cases and controls.

Results: Forty COPD patients were compared with thirty five age match controls. HOMA-IR was found to be higher in cases as compared to controls (2.85 v/s 2.00) with a p value <0.000.

Conclusion: COPD is one of the chronic debilitating diseases in our region with various extra-pulmonary complications. We found IR to be present higher in COPD patients compared with healthy controls. Evaluating the pulmonary function as well as systemic metabolic parameters, may contribute to minimizing mortality and morbidity.

Publication ( Name of Journal)

Pakistan journal of medical sciences.