Objective: Tuberculosis of the thyroid gland is a very rare disease. The incidence of extrapulmonary tuberculosis has been showing a progressive increase in the recent years. We present three cases of primary thyroid tuberculosis.
Methods: Two cases were diagnosed on the basis of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), as they presented with thyroid nodule. The third case was diagnosed on histopathology as the Patient underwent total thyroidectomy for the left-side nodule which was a follicular lesion on FNAC. Tuberculosis was diagnosed on the other lobe.
Results: All three Patients were given antituberculous treatment for nine months, and their nodular lesions completely resolved after treatment.
Conclusion: Although rare the, thyroid tuberculosis should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of thyroid masses, even in Patient with no history and symptom of tuberculosis disease elsewhere.
Publication ( Name of Journal)
Journal of thyroid research.
(2011). Thyroid tuberculosis: a case series and a review of the literature. Journal of thyroid research., 2011, 359864.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_med_diabet_endocrinol_metab/17