Association of hospital procedural volume with outcomes of left ventricular assist device placement

Document Type



Cardiology; Office of the Provost


Background: With the advancement in device technology, the use of durable left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) has increased significantly in recent years. However, there is a dearth of evidence to conclude whether patients who undergo LVAD implantation at high-volume centers have better clinical outcomes than those receiving care at low- or medium-volume centers.
Methods: We analyzed the hospitalizations using the Nationwide Readmission Database for the year 2019 for new LVAD implantation. Baseline comorbidities and hospital characteristics were compared among low- (1-5 procedures/year), medium- (6-16 procedures/year) and high-volume (17-72 procedures/year) hospitals. The volume/outcome relationship was analyzed using the annualized hospital volume as a categorical variable (tertiles) as well as a continuous variable. Multilevel mixed-effect logistic regression and negative binomial regression models were used to determine the association of hospital volume and outcomes, with tertile 1 (low-volume hospitals) as the reference category.
Results: A total of 1533 new LVAD procedures were included in the analysis. The inpatient mortality rate was lower in the high-volume centers compared with the low-volume centers (9.04% vs 18.49%, aOR 0.41, CI0.21-0.80; P = 0.009). There was a trend toward lower mortality rates in medium-volume centers compared with low-volume centers; however, it did not reach statistical significance (13.27% vs 18.49%, aOR 0.57, CI0.27-1.23; P = 0.153). Similar results were seen for major adverse events (composite of stroke/transient ischemic attack and in-hospital mortality). There was no significant difference in bleeding/transfusion, acute kidney injury, vascular complications, pericardial effusion/hemopericardium/tamponade, length of stay, cost, or 30-day readmission rates between medium- and high-volume centers compared to low-volume centers.
Conclusion: Our findings indicate lower inpatient mortality rates in high-volume LVAD implantation centers and a trend toward lower mortality rates in medium-volume LVAD implantation centers compared to lower-volume centers.


Volume, issue, and pagination are not provided by the author/publisher.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of Cardiac Failure