Sex disparity in left ventricular hypertrophy in South Asians with hypertension: Influence of central obesity and high blood pressure

Document Type



Community Health Sciences; Medicine; Cardiology


Women have been reported to be at greater risk of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) than men in South Asia, but whether the sex disparity is affected by central obesity and blood pressure has not been well studied. We examined prospectively the interaction of sex with waist circumference and systolic blood pressure at baseline on LVH measured after a median of 8-year follow-up among 539 individuals with hypertension in Karachi, Pakistan, and found that the risk of LVH for women vs men increased with higher baseline waist circumference and systolic blood pressure. Our results underscore the urgency for public health programs to prevent obesity and control hypertension in women in South Asia


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of human hypertension