Racial disparity in flu vaccine uptake among Asian American individuals: A national health interview survey study

Document Type



Cardiology; Office of the Provost


Vaccination coverage rates across Asian American subpopulations with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and diabetes mellitus is not well-studied. We used data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) from 2006 to 2018 and included participants with a history of ASCVD or diabetes. Vaccination coverage in White were compared with Chinese, Asian Indian, Filipino, and "other Asian" (Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese) adults using univariable and multivariable logistic regression models. We included 50,839 participants, mean age 62.7 ± 0.1 years, 46.3% women, 89.1% US-born. Filipino (59%) and Asian Indian (56%) adults were less likely to receive influenza vaccine than "other Asians" (66%), Chinese (65%), and White (60%) participants (P < 0.001). In multivariable adjusted models, Chinese (OR = 1.66, 1.02-2.69), Asian Indian (OR = 1.50, 1.07-2.10), and "other Asian" ethnicity (OR = 1.81, 1.38-2.36) were associated with higher odds of receiving influenza vaccination compared with White. Influenza vaccine coverage remains suboptimal across all studied races/ethnicities.


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Current problems in cardiology