Gender differences in clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention-analysis of 15,106 patients from the Cardiac Registry of Pakistan database

Document Type



Medicine; Cardiology; Office of the Provost


There is a scarcity of data on gender differences in outcomes during and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the South Asian population. We assessed the gender differences in in-hospital mortality and complications in patients who underwent PCI. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 15,106 patients from the CROP (Cardiac Registry of Pakistan) CathPCI database. Logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with in-hospital mortality (primary outcome), access site hematoma, and bleeding complications. Approximately 19.6% were women. Women were older (mean age = 57.3 vs 54.4 years) and had a higher prevalence of diabetes (49.3% vs 32.6%), hypertension (72.8% vs 56.4%), peripheral arterial disease (1.5% vs 1%), and cerebrovascular accident (1.2% vs 0.8%) than men (p <0.05).Unadjusted in-hospital mortality was higher in women than in men (odds ratio [OR]: 1.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1 to 2.2); however, after adjusting for age, hypertension, diabetes, history of cerebrovascular accident, and ST-elevation myocardial infarction at presentation in the multiple logistic regression model, in-hospital mortality was comparable between men and women (adjusted OR [AOR] 1.2, 95% CI 0.8 to 1.7). The results remained consistent after propensity score matching of 5,904 patients (2,952 in each group, OR 1.3, 95% CI 0.9 to 2.0 for in-hospital mortality). Bleeding complications (1.2% vs 0.4%, AOR 2.6, 95% CI 1.4 to 4.5) and access site hematoma (2% vs 0.6%, AOR 2.8, 95% CI 1.8 to 4.5) were higher in women than in men. In conclusion, the incidence of in-hospital mortality was higher for women versus men, but adjusted risks were similar, likely driven by a greater co-morbidity burden among women.


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Publication (Name of Journal)

The American Journal of Cardiology