Outcomes of intravascular imaging in Orbital Atherectomy; Insight from the National Readmissions Database

Harigopal Sandhyavenu, Weiss Memorial Hospital, United States of America
Waqas Ullah, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, United States of America
Irisha Badu, Onslow Memorial Hospital, United States of America
Mohamed Zghouzi, Detroit Medical Center, United States of America
Omar Baqal, Mayo Clinic, United States of America
Mobeen Ali, University of Toledo Medical Center, United States of America
Tanveer Mir, Wayne State University/Detroit Medical Center, United States of America
Abdul Mannan Minhas Khan, Forrest General Hospital, United States of America
Drew Johnson, Forrest General Hospital, United States of America
Salim S. Virani, Baylor College of Medicine, United States of America

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The impact of intravascular imaging guidance [intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)/optical coherence tomography (OCT)] on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing orbital atherectomy (OA) and percutaneous intervention (PCI) are not well characterized. The Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) from 2015 to 2019 was used to select all cases of OA. The adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of in-hospital, 30-day, and 180-day hospitalization outcomes between patients who underwent PCI with OA vs without intravascular imaging were calculated using a propensity-matched analysis. A total of 15,681 patients undergoing PCI after OA (12,649 with no-imaging, 3032 with imaging) were identified. Due to a significant difference in the baseline characteristics, a matched sample of 3008 in the no-imaging group and 3032 in the imaging group was selected. On adjusted analysis, the odds of all-cause in-hospital mortality (aOR 0.68, 95% CI 0.54-0.86) were significantly lower in patients undergoing IVUS/OCT guided OA and PCI compared with those having PCI without imaging. There was no difference in the rate of in-hospital stroke (aOR 0.86, 95% CI 0.51-1.45) and major bleeding (aOR 0.87, 95% CI 0.65-1.16) between the two groups. There was no significant difference in the 30- and 180-day odds of readmission, major bleeding, coronary dissection, pericardial effusion, and AKI between the two groups. IVUS and OCT use during PCI with OA for patients with calcified coronary artery disease appear to be associated with reduced in-hospital mortality at index admission. Prospective trials are necessary to determine the long-term benefits of imaging with PCI.