Periprocedural and in-hospital outcomes among percutaneous coronary intervention in saphenous vein graft: A retrospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in south Asian country
Background: Saphenous vein graft (SVG) may occlude either early or several months to years after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Doing re-do CABG surgery is associated with higher complication and mortality rate as compared to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in SVG. However, PCI of SVG is associated with more periprocedural and in-hospital complications as compared to PCI of native coronary arteries. Due to the scarcity of local data in this regard, this study was designed to estimate the periprocedural and in-hospital outcomes among PCI in SVG.
Objectives: We aim to study the periprocedural and in-hospital outcomes among patients who underwent PCI in SVG.
Methods: It is a retrospective observational study. We reviewed hospital record files of 167 consecutive patients, admitted to Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2010 to December 2019, who underwent PCI in SVG.
Results: Out of 167 patients, 145 (86.8%) were male with a mean age of 72.26 (±8.46) years. Hypertension was the most common comorbid condition. Majority of 141(84.4%) patients presented within 6-10 years since the last CABG done. Seventy-eight (46.7%) patients presented with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Patients who presented with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), 51 (36.9%), and 21 (15.2%) had congestive heart failure and cardiogenic shock on presentation respectively. Coronary angiography was performed in the majority of 155 (92.8%) patients through the femoral artery. The body of the SVG was the most common site affected by the disease. In 88 (52.7%) patients stents were deployed in SVG to obtuse marginal (OM). Drug-eluting stents (DES) were used in 124 (74.3%) patients. 22 (13.2%) of patients developed periprocedural complications, predominantly slow flow and 7 (4.2)% patients had in-hospital complications.
Conclusions: PCI of SVG is associated with a high procedural success rate and acceptable risk for periprocedural and in-hospital complications. PCI of SVG may be considered as a safe and efficacious option for the percutaneous intervention of SVG lesions.
(2021). Periprocedural and in-hospital outcomes among percutaneous coronary intervention in saphenous vein graft: A retrospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in south Asian country.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_med_cardiol/165
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