Donor safety first: Postoperative hepatectomy outcomes in living liver donors

Document Type



Medical College Pakistan


Background: Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has become a popular treatment option because some countries lack a deceased organ program and the growing demand for liver transplants. Although postoperative outcomes are similar to deceased donor liver transplants, there is still an element of risk to the donor. The Clavien-Dindo classification system has been used to standardize reporting across different institutions and surgeons to categorize surgical outcomes.
Methods: Between January 1, 2022, and December 31, 2022, 207 living donors underwent hepatectomies at our center. All donors underwent a 3-step process of mandatory screening. Postsurgical complications were classified using the Clavien-Dindo classification.
Results: A total of 207 donor hepatectomies for LDLT were performed during our study period. Most donors (92.8%) were aged between 18 and 39 years. The most common type of graft used was a right lobe without the middle hepatic vein (82.6%). Most donors (91.7%) experienced an intraoperative blood loss of ≤500 mL. A total of 140 patients had an ordinary postoperative course. Grade 1 complications were observed in 16.9%, grade 2 in 12.1%, and grade 3 in 3.4% of the remaining patients. No grade 4 or grade 5 (patient death) complications were observed in this cohort.
Conclusions: Living donor liver transplantation remains the most practiced liver transplant surgery in Pakistan. Our findings highlight the safety of the LDLT program with minimal risk of significant complications. The study also underscores the importance of careful screening and monitoring of living donors and the need for standardized reporting of surgical outcomes using the Clavien-Dindo classification system


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Transplantation Proceedings