Surveillance of aetiologies, clinical presentation, and most common types of epilepsy among paediatric patients at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan

Document Type



Medical College Pakistan


Epilepsy is the third most common neurological disease in the world associated with a high frequency in the paediatric age group. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence, types and aetiologies of epilepsy within the Pakistani population. A retrospective review of the charts of all patients, below the age of 18 years, presenting with epilepsy to the Department of Neurology at The Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from January 2016 to December 2020, was carried out. Analysis was performed using SPSS Version 26. A p value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. A total of 1,097 patients were studied, of which 644 (58.8%) were males and 451 (41.2%) females. a vast majority, i.e. 1,021 (96.1%), of the study participants, belonged to the province of Punjab. Afebrile seizures [n=798 (72.7%)] were more commonly reported than febrile seizures [n=299 (27.3%)]. Among seizure types, generalised seizures were the most common type of seizure reported in 520 (49.8%) patients. Refractory seizures were the least common type reported in 3 (0.3%) patients. Aetiology was mostly idiopathic [n=540 (49.2)], followed by congenital [n=228 (20.8%)]. The most frequently reported duration of seizure was between one and three minutes [n=116 (42.3%)]. The most common ictal features seen were a combination of up-rolling of eyes and frothing from the mouth [n=206 (34.9%)]. Results from this study can be used by health care providers to better formulate therapeutic interventions for a timely diagnosis and effective treatment of epilepsy

Publication (Name of Journal)

JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association