Predictors of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients following left ventricular assist device implantation: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Document Type

Review Article


Medical College Pakistan; Medicine


Aim: Our study aims to provide a more holistic understanding of the available data and predictive risk factors for gastrointestinal bleed (GIB).
Materials & methods: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Web of Science Core Collection and calculated relative risk and meta-regression was utilized to evaluate for risk factors in order to assess the effect of covariates.
Results: Our meta-analysis reported a pooled prevalence rate of GIB of 24.4%. Meta-regression analysis did not yield a statistically significant association between GIB and risk factors, including age, gender, hypertension, chronic kidney disease and diabetes.
Conclusion: Studies investigating larger sample sizes are required for conclusive findings.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Future Cardiology