SARS-CoV-2 induced coagulopathy and potential role of anticoagulation: Scoping review of literature

Document Type



Medical College Pakistan


Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can vary on a spectrum of asymptomatic disease to rarer manifestations like hypercoagulability especially among elderly patients admitted in the intensive care unit (ICU) and those with preexisting comorbidities. The exact mechanism behind this phenomenon is still unclear, however studies have shown an association with elevated cytokines and severe inflammatory response which encompasses this disease. Hypercoagulability can be limited to the lungs, or present as systemic manifestations of arterial and venous thrombosis leading to mortal outcomes. Thus, careful evaluation of risk factors should be performed by physicians and treatment with anticoagulants should be modified accordingly. All Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in-patients should receive thromboprophylactic therapy, with increased dosages administered to patients with increased disease severity or those with a high risk. D-dimer levels and sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) score aid in identifying high risk patients and predicting outcome. This article highlights the pathophysiology behind hypercoagulability, its clinical associations and discusses therapeutic modalities to combat this fatal consequence of SARS-CoV-2


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Monaldi archives for chest disease = Archivio Monaldi per le malattie del torace