The need for improved end-of-life care medical education: Causes, consequences, and strategies for enhancement and integration

Document Type



Emergency Medicine


End-of-life (EOL) care is a unique area of medicine that emphasizes holistic patient-centered care. It requires clinicians to consider a patients' mental, emotional, spiritual, social and physical comforts and engage patients and their families in complex discussions and decisions. It is an area of medicine that requires sensitivity in communication in order to respond to a wide range of emotions from patients and their families. Given these intricacies, it is essential that healthcare professional trainees are exposed early in their careers so they can be better equipped to address EOL situations effectively. While many medical schools have integrated this important element in pre-clinical education, a formalized and standardized curriculum could allow for students to better engage in EOLcare scenarios that they will face as future physicians. In this editorial, we discuss potential strategies to incorporate EOL care didactics and experiential learning earlier in medical education as well as the consequences of inadequate EOL care education, particularly in medical schools, in its current state


Volume, issue, and pagination are not provided by the author/publisher

Publication (Name of Journal)

The American journal of hospice & palliative care