The serological confirmation and outcome of the pediatric dengue patients presenting to emergency department: A cross-sectional study

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Emergency Medicine; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Background: In the emergency department, it is very uncommon perform a differential diagnosis to serologically differentiate between dengue, dengue hemorrhagic fever, and dengue shock syndrome. Prompt differential diagnosis and treatment is essential with the presentation of dengue. This study aims to determine the serological confirmation and outcome of the dengue epidemic in the pediatric population presenting to the ED in a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: A single-center cross-sectional study was conducted. All pediatric patients aged less than 18years presented to ED with clinical features suggestive of DF, DFF, and DSS while also doing the serological confirmation for the dengue were enrolled in the study. Data was collected on demographics, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and outcomes of 324 pediatric patients. Multivariable binary logistic regression was applied for the analysis.
Results: Out of 324 patients, 191 (59.13%) underwent NS1 testing and 132 (40.87%) did the IgM test. Most participants were in the age range of 13 to 18years in both groups. Fever was the most common complaint in both groups 191 (100%) and 132 (100%). In each group, around one-third of the participants complained about body aches 69 (36.13%) and 44 (33.33%). The patient having a history of traveling within the past 14days created a 1.51 (95% CI: 1.27-2.25) times higher odds of contracting dengue fever as compared to no history of travel.
Conclusion: The serologic confirmation of dengue in the ED helps in both the adequate and timely treatment as well as patient disposition and ultimately saves lives


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Global Pediatric Health