Document Type



Emergency Medicine


This study aimed to assess knowledge, attitudes, practices, and perceived barriers of emergency healthcare providers regarding the management of sepsis and septic shock. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Emergency Department of Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan from August to October 2017. A total of 53 healthcare providers participated in the study. Overall, 42(79%) of the participants demonstrated correct knowledge of the sepsis bundle. The most common barrier reported in the compliance of the sepsis bundle was a shortage of staff (62%), followed by delayed presentation of patients (58%) and overcrowding (42%). Furthermore, better staffing was perceived by the participants (60%) to improve the care of septic patients, followed by sepsis awareness sessions (23%) and reduction in ED crowding (11%). Staff shortage, delayed presentation of patients, and ED overcrowding were considered the most common barriers in the management of sepsis in this setting.

Publication (Name of Journal)

JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association