Near missed diagnosis of extensive aortic dissection in a young patient presenting with non-specific symptoms

Document Type



Emergency Medicine


Acute aortic dissection is a frequently fatal condition that rarely involves young individuals. It has an estimated worldwide prevalence of 0.5-2.95 per 100,000 persons per year, with a mean incidence at around age 60. Of all the aortic dissections, less than 10% involve patients younger than 40 years of age. We present the case of a forty-yearold male who presented in the emergency department with non-specific complaints of nausea and lightheadedness. The patient being hemodynamically and clinically stable was discharged after supportive treatment. However after 5 hours the patient presented again in the emergency department with a neck pain, hypotension and sweating. CT angiography revealed a massive aortic dissection involving ascending, arch and descending aorta up to the bifurcation of iliac arteries. The patient was immediately taken for surgery for the replacement of ascending aorta and resuspension of aortic valve. The patient tolerated surgery well and was discharged after being clinically and haemodynamically stable.


JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association