Community Health Sciences
Introduction: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a well-recognized clinical entity with a worldwide distribution. In the United States alone, 1.5 million cases of MI occur per year. This study compares the in-hospital mortality, 1 year mortality and time to death following a first Q-wave or non Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI).Methods: One thousand five hundred and ninety-six patients were admitted at the Aga Khan University Hospital with a diagnosis of MI over a period of four years of whom 420 patients met our inclusion criteria. Data was collected from the patients' medical records and on telephone using a pretested questionnaire. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard models were used to analyze the data.Results: The mean age +/- sd of the patients was 59 +/- 10 years. Of the total patients, 151(36%) and 269(64%) suffered non-Q wave and Q-wave MI respectively. A higher in hospital mortality was observed in patients with Q-wave MI (n = 64, 23.8%) than those with non-Q wave MI [n = 16 (10.6%); adjusted OR = 2.76, 95% CI: 1.5-5.01]. Similarly, patients having Q-wave MI experienced increased 1 year mortality (n = 77, 28.6%) compared to patients suffering non-Q wave MI [n = 26 (17.2%); adjusted OR = 2.04, 95% CI: 1.21-3.43].CONCLUSION: Patients with Q-wave MI had a worse prognosis compared with patients with non-Q-wave MI and therefore warrant a closer follow up. Further prospective studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy of early aggressive interventions in modifying the natural history of this disease.
Journal of Pakistan Medical Association
Karim, R. M.,
Khawaja, H. A.,
Merchant, S. S.,
Momin, I. A.,
Sewani, A. A.,
(1999). Q wave and non-Q wave myocardial infarction: a multivariate analysis of survival experience and clinical outcome after first diagnosis at a tertiary care hospital. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, 49(6), 149-154.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_chs_chs/555