Document Type



Community Health Sciences


A cross-sectional observational systematic study was carried out on ambulatory patients at a tertiary care hospital to determine the probable prevalence, associated factors and significance of psychiatric morbidity by using an Urdu translation of the hospital anxiety and depression (HAD) scale over a period of 6 days in a week. Results showed a prevalence of 38.4% which is slightly higher than what has been generally reported (30%). Two variables, i.e., female sex and being a housewife were significantly related with the outcome. An attempt has been made to identify the probable reasons for this and some suggestions laid down for further work.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of Pakistan Medical Association