Community Health Sciences
The use of translations of instruments for detecting anxiety and depression continues to be debated. An indigenous screening instrument has been developed in Urdu for anxiety-depression syndromes at the Aga Khan University. It has been developed from the complaints of 150 anxious and depressed patients presenting to a non-speciality clinic and has been validated in 53 patients in a psychiatry clinic. The questionnaire has 25 items, 13 psychlogical and 12 somatic. At a score of 20 it has a sensitivity of 66%, a specificity of 79%, a positive predictive value of 83 and a negative predictive value of 60. In comparison with available instruments in Urdu, comprising of either psychological or somatic items, this scale includes both, which increases its reliability for use as a screening instrument by Community Health Workers in a primary health care setting, in epidemiologic work in Pakistan and in transcultural psychiatric research.
Publication ( Name of Journal)
Journal of Pakistan Medical Association
Ali, B. S.,
Khan, M. M.,
(1998). Development of an indigenous screening instrument in Pakistan: the Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, 48(9), 261-265.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_chs_chs/430