Redesigned immunization card and center-based education to reduce childhood immunization dropouts in urban Pakistan: A randomized controlled trial

Document Type



Community Health Sciences


In Pakistan during 2000-2004, about 11-13% of children who received the first close of diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (DPT1) failed to complete its third dose (DPT3). We assessed the effect of a redesigned immunization card and center-based education to mothers on DPT3 completion. We enrolled 1500 mother-child units at DIM, randomized them to three intervention and one standard care groups, and recorded their DPT3 visits during a 90-day follow-up. In multivariable analysis, a significant increase of 31% (adjusted RR =1.31, 95% CI = 1.18-1.46) in DPT3 completion was estimated in the group that received both redesigned card and center-based education compared with the standard care group.

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