Document Type



Biological and Biomedical Sciences


Objective: To assess usefulness of flipped style of teaching conducted as small-group format in Cardiovascular and Respiration module for Year-I undergraduate medical students at Aga Khan University.
Methods: The study was planned and conducted over a period of eight months from March to October 2017 including the time taken for planning, mock run, execution followed by analysis and dissemination. It was carried out at the Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi. Pre and post test scores of students after flipped class room sessions was compared. Moreover, perception of students was assessed on Likert scale (0-4) by a pretested validated questionnaire.
Results: The mean pre-test scores of the students was 4.86 ± 0.91 which improved to 6.09 ± 0.81 (p = 0.021) after attending the flipped class session. Students approved that the frame work helped to promote their learning motivation and engagement with improvement in understanding of the course materials and enhancement of learning during Face to Face activity.
Conclusions: The flipped classroom approach showed promise in teaching and learning of 'Pathophysiology of Shock' by clinical scenarios in small group discussions. Implementation of flipped class room activity on a wider scale however needs careful selection of course objectives and logistics.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.