Document Type

Report

Department

Biological and Biomedical Sciences; Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Abstract

This study was designed to determine the prevalence and type of malaria cases that presented throughout the year 2014 in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 1099 cases, (377 females, 722 males) were reported. Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax) was discovered in 93.7% cases compared to 6.3% Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum). Based on the highest and lowest weather temperatures, in summer (June, July and August) and in winter (December, January and February) were differentiated. The number of cases were greater during summer months compared to winter. Interestingly, the ratio of P. falciparum to P. vivax during winter was greater compared to summer. Finally, there was a strong correlation between increasing humidity and number of malaria cases. These findings show that even though the incidence of malaria is higher in summer, malaria cases are still reported in winter. Furthermore, the probability of finding P. falciparum (which causes cerebral malaria ) is higher in winter.

Publication

JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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