Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Calpain 10 plays a role in insulin secretion, action and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes. The mechanism through which it influences the insulin secretion and action is not completely defined. A structural bioinformatics approach is applied to envision its mechanism of action using available tools on NCBI (blastp and blastn), EMBL-EBI, Ensembl, Swiss Model Repository websites, I-TASSER, PROCHECK program and Discovery Studio software. Homology of domain I and II of calpain10 (isoform a) was established with super family cysteine proteinase domains (II a and II b, e=1.30e-77, 1.00e-20). Remaining sequences of domain III and T from (isoform a and c) indicated some similarity (Avg. e=1.94e-37) to calpain large subunit domain III (PF01067), the isoform g (139 AA) showed similarity with a part of catalytic domain of cysteine protease super family (e-value 1.00e-20). Swiss-model repository for 3D structures of protein, showed structural resemblance of 29% with 1QXP template of mu-calpain, 27% with 1KFX of m-calpain and 32% with 2P0R of calpain 9 in complex with leupeptin. Models prepared through I-TASSER confirmed through Ramachandran (RC) plots. The calpain 10 isoforms a, c and g show partial structural and functional resemblance to m, mu and calpain 9. This information is useful to find new drugs for disease management.
Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences
(2019). Molecular signatures of Calpain 10 isoforms sequences, envisage functional similarity and therapeutic potential. Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 32(3), 937-946.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_bbs/771