Predictive accuracy of anti mullerian hormone as indicator of ovarian follicle loss in cyclophosphamide treated mice
Objective: To evaluate the strength of anti-mullerian hormone in reflecting the stages of ovarian toxicity-induced by cyclophosphamide.Methods: This study was conducted in December 2014 and comprised female mice that were divided into four groups: group A served as control, group B received three weekly injections of cyclophosphamide, group C was co administered alpha-tocopherol along with cyclophosphamide, while group D solely received alpha-tocopherol. The ovaries were evaluated for follicular dynamics, and anti-mullerian hormone was assessed using mouse enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. The data was analysed using SPSS 19.Results: There were 40 mice in the study. Histological analysis revealed severely reduced ovarian reserve in group B(p<0.01).In group C alpha-tocopherol conserved the ovarian reserve to near normal, thus follicle count was significantly higher than group B (p<0.05). However, this moderate reduction was still lower than the controls (p<0.01). Furthermore, the number of corpus lutea and atretic follicles were significantly higher in groups B and C (p<0.01). Regarding hormonal analyses in comparison to controls, anti-mullerian hormone levels were low in group B (p<0.01), while group C reported an insignificant fall in serum anti-mullerian hormone levels (p=0.101).CONCLUSIONS: There was substantial evidence that anti-mullerian hormone monitoring during chemotherapy administration may fulfil the criteria of earliest diagnostic indicator of secondary infertility.