Pharmacological basis for the gut stimulatory activity of Raphanus sativus leaves
Biological and Biomedical Sciences
The crude extract of Raphanus sativus leaves (Rl.Cr) showed a dose-dependent (0.03-5.0 mg/ml) spasmogenicity in guinea-pig ileum and colon. The effect was insensitive to atropine pre-treatment but was completely abolished by pyrilamine indicating involvement of histaminergic (H(1)) receptors. The contractile effect at high doses (3.0-5.0mg/ml) was followed by relaxation. Rl.Cr also enhanced the transit of charcoal meal in mice at 30-100 mg/kg. The petroleum spirit, chloroform and aqueous fractions all showed histaminergic activity in ileum; aqueous fraction being more potent. The study shows the presence of a histaminergic component(s) along with a weak spasmolytic factor thus providing sound mechanistic basis for the traditional use of the plant in constipation.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Gilani, A. H.,
Ghayur, M. N.
(2004). Pharmacological basis for the gut stimulatory activity of Raphanus sativus leaves. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 95(2018-02-03), 169-172.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_bbs/581