Document Type

Article

Department

Biological and Biomedical Sciences

Abstract

Previously it has been shown that persistent activation of the stimulatory adenylyl cyclase pathway with cholera toxin (CT) downregulates the Gs alpha polypeptide (80%) in a cAMP-independent manner in C6 glioma cells (Shah, 1997). This study was conducted to examine the short and long term effects of CT on the regulation of pertussis toxin-sensitive and -insensitive G proteins and their transcripts in C6 glioma cells. Treatment of C6 cells with CT (100 ng/ml) up to 16 h had no effect on either Gi or Gq/11 alpha proteins. However, prolonged exposure (24-48 h) caused increased expression of Gi (20-30%) and Gq/11 alpha proteins (40%). Urea gradient gels, which can separate Gq alpha and G11 alpha proteins, revealed that prolonged CT treatment increased the expression of both of these G proteins. The CT-mediated enhanced expression of Gq alpha and G11 alpha proteins was accompanied by increased mRNA levels of these proteins as determined by RT/PCR. Cyclic-AMP elevating agents like forskolin (10 microM) and db-cAMP (1 mM) mimicked the effect of CT on Gi but not Gq/11 alpha proteins. These studies show long term cAMP-dependent regulation of Gi and cAMP-independent expression of Gq/11 alpha proteins in C6 glioma cells.

Publication

Experimental and Molecular Medicine

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License

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