Area 51: How do Acanthamoeba invade the central nervous system?
Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Acanthamoeba granulomatous encephalitis generally develops as a result of haematogenous spread, but it is unclear how circulating amoebae enter the central nervous system (CNS) and cause inflammation. At present, the mechanisms which Acanthamoeba use to invade this incredibly well-protected area of the CNS and produce infection are not well understood. In this paper, we propose two key virulence factors: mannose-binding protein and extracellular serine proteases as key players in Acanthamoeba traversal of the blood-brain barrier leading to neuronal injury. Both molecules should provide excellent opportunities as potential targets in the rational development of therapeutic interventions against Acanthamoeba encephalitis.
Trends in Parasitology
(2011). Area 51: How do Acanthamoeba invade the central nervous system?. Trends in Parasitology, 27(5), 185-189.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_bbs/40