Title

Viral etiology of prostate cancer: genetic alterations and immune response. A literature review

Document Type

Article

Department

Biological and Biomedical Sciences

Abstract

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. Recent estimates suggest that over a million men are diagnosed with the disease annually. Prostate cancer pathogenesis involves both heritable and environmental factors. The molecular events involved in the development or progression of prostate cancer are still unclear. Recent body of literature highlights the role of viral infections in initiation or progression of prostate cancer. In this regard, certain viruses have been reported to interact with host proteins and bring about changes in genetic, immunological and inflammatory events that lead to initiation or progression of prostate cancer. We conducted a comprehensive PubMed database search to identify publications relevant to viruses associated with prostate cancer. In this review, we discuss the possible viral etiology of prostate cancer and evidence of viral-mediated genetic changes, and immune dysregulation involved in initiation or progression of prostate cancer.

Publication

International Journal of Surgery

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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