Impact of intraoperative fluid administration and complications in head and neck cancer free flap surgery at a tertiary care hospital of a low and middle-income country

Document Type



Anaesthesia; Medical College Pakistan; Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery


Perioperative fluid administration plays an essential role in head and neck cancer free flap surgery. The impact of intraoperative fluid administration on postoperative complications in head and neck cancer free flap surgery remains ill-defined. All adult patients who underwent a free flap surgery for head and neck cancer between January 2014 and December 2018 were included in the study. A total of 224 patients met the inclusion criteria. The mean age of patients was 45.0 years, and the majority were male (85.7%). Buccal mucosa squamous cell carcinoma (83%) was the most common diagnosis, and anterolateral thigh flap (46.4%) was the most routinely performed procedure. Perioperatively, ringer's lactate was used most abundantly (68.3%). A total of 101 complications were reported in the postoperative period, consisting of 67 medical complications and 34 surgical complications. In conclusion, there is no statistically significant association between the quantity of fluid administration and postoperative complications.


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of Perioperative Practice