Anesthetic management of a patient with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy undergoing modified radical mastectomy.

Document Type



Anaesthesia; Centre for Innovation in Medical Education


Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. Clinical presentation ranges from absence of symptoms to sudden death. Our 60 year old Patient scheduled for left modified radical mastectomy had HOCM since seventeen years with severe LVOT obstruction and mitral regurgitation. An implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and permanent pacemaker (PPM) was inserted 15 months earlier for ventricular tachycardia. Anesthetic management of these Patients presents considerable challenges and requires maintenance of desired hemodynamic parameters and management of specific complications. Factors like tachycardia, hypovolemia, vasodilation and increased cardiac contractility leads to exacerbation of the obstruction. In our Patient there was the additional consideration of the ICD which required to be turned off during surgery with full provision for external defibrillation. We managed to successfully maintain the desired hemodynamics throughout the surgery and the Patient was discharged home on the seventh postoperative day.


Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology