Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is increasingly identified in critically ill patient and its harmful effects are well documented. The disparity among the pressure, volume in abdominal cavity and its contents, results in ACS. The actual incidence of ACS is not known. However, it has been observed predominantly in patients with severe blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma, ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms, retro- and intra-peritoneal hemorrhage, pneumoperitoneum, neoplasm, pancreatitis, ascites and multiple bone fracture. We present a case of 40-year female who underwent emergency cesarean section and developed abdominal compartment syndrome due to urinary bladder distension secondary to blockade of urinary catheter with blood clots. This is a very unusual cause of ACS.
Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan
Hoda, M. Q.,
(2018). Bladder distension as a cause of abdominal compartment syndrome. Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan, 28(2), 155-156.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_anaesth/130