Document Type



Institute for Human Development


Objective: We determined the reliability of The Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children–Present and Lifetime (K-SADS-PL) for screening and diagnosing ADHD in children.

Method: K-SADS-PL was administered to 2,074 children in the community. Psychometric properties, factorial structure, and clinical validity of K-SADS-PL in screening or diagnosis of ADHD were examined.

Results: Internal consistency was excellent for items in the screening interview (Macdonald’s Omega [ω] = 0.89; 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.87, 0.94]) and diagnostic supplement (ω = 0.95; 95% CI [0.92, 0.99]). The standardized coefficients for items in the screening interview were acceptable (0.59-0.85), while fit indices for single factorial structure reached acceptable levels. Screening items were associated with high sensitivity (97.8%; 95% CI [97.2, 98.5%]) and specificity (94.0%; 95% CI [93.0, 95.0%]) for diagnosis of ADHD in the supplement. The test-retest and interinformant reliability as measured by intraclass correlation coefficient was good for most of the items.

Conclusion:This large study shows that K-SADS-PL can be reliably used to screen and diagnose ADHD in children in Kenya.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of Attention Disorders

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.