Organizational justice and mental health: A multi‐level test of justice interactions

Document Type



Institute for Human Development


Abstract: We examine main and interaction effects of organizational justice at the individual and the organizational levels ongeneral health in a Kenyan sample. We theoretically differentiate between two different interaction patterns ofjustice effects: buffering mechanisms based on trust versus intensifying explanations of justice interactions that involvepsychological contract violations. Using a two-level hierarchical linear model with responses from 427 employees in 29organizations, only interpersonal justice at level 1 demonstrated a significant main effect. Interactions between distributiveand interpersonal justice at both the individual and the collective levels were found. The intensifying hypothesis wassupported: the relationship between distributive justice and mental health problems was strongest when interpersonaljustice was high. This contrasts with buffering patterns described in Western samples. We argue that justice interactionpatterns shift depending on the economic conditions and sociocultural characteristics of employees studied


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication (Name of Journal)

International Journal of Psychology