Understanding and supporting the development of people in the day-to-day contexts in which they live and experience their multiple worlds are fundamental to any society’s hope of attaining a high quality of life and well-being for its citizens. The Institute for Human Development is dedicated to the pursuit of knowledge with direct relevance for policies, programs, and practices that enhance life experiences at all stages of human development. In its foundational years, the Institute seeks particularly to become a major instrumental agent, locally as well as globally, for advancing knowledge about the earliest years of children’s development and harnessing such knowledge for the purposes of shaping policies and interventions that ensure a strong start in life for all children wherever they may live.​​​​

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Submissions from 2021

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Gambling Patterns and Problem Gambling Among Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review, Byron K. Y. Bitanihirwe and Derrick Ssewanyana

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Long-Term Mental Health and Quality of Life Outcomes of Neonatal Insults in Kilifi, Kenya, Dorcas N. Magai, Hans M. Koot, Charles R. Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Cultural adaptation of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd Edition for use in Kenyan children aged 18-36 months: A psychometric study, Megan S. McHenry, Eren Oyungu, Ziyi Yang, Abbey C. Hines, Ananda R. Ombitsa, Rachel C. Vreeman, and Amina Abubakar

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Prevalence, risk and protective indicators of common mental disorders among young people living with HIV compared to their uninfected peers from the Kenyan coast: a cross-sectional study, Moses K. Nyongesa, Paul Mwangi, Michael Kinuthia, Amin S. Hassan, Hans M. Koot, Pim Cuijpers, Charles R. J. C. Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Global Burden of Childhood Epilepsy, Intellectual Disability, and Sensory Impairments, Bolajoko O. Olusanya, Scott M. Wright, M.K.C. Nair, Nem-Yun Boo, Ricardo Halpern, Hannah Kuper, Amina Abubakar, Nihad A. Almasri, Jalal Arabloo, and Narendra K. Arora

Submissions from 2020

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Correlates of fear of hypoglycemia among patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus in outpatient hospitals in Zambia, Given Hapunda, Amina Abubakar, Frans Pouwer, and Fons van de Vijver

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Evaluation of Psychometric Properties and Factorial Structure of ADHD Module of K-SADS-PL in Children From Rural Kenya, Symon M. Kariuki, Charles R. J. C. Newton, Amina Abubakar, Mary A. Bitta, Rachael Odhiambo, and Jacqueline Phillips Owen

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Economic burden and mental health of primary caregivers of perinatally HIV infected adolescents from Kilifi, Kenya, Patrick V. Katana, Amina Abubakar, Moses K. Nyongesa, Derrick Ssewanyana, Paul Mwangi, Charles R. Newton, and Julie Jemutai

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Long-term outcomes of survivors of neonatal insults: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Dorcas N. Magai, Eirini Karyotaki, Agnes M. Mutua, Esther Chongwo, Carophine Nasambu, Derrick Ssewanyana, Charles R. Newton, Hans M. Koot, and Amina Abubakar

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Long-term neurocognitive and educational outcomes of neonatal insults in Kilifi, Kenya, Dorcas N. Magai, Hans M. Koot, Paul Mwangi, Esther Chongwo, Charles R. Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Neonatal jaundice and developmental impairment among infants in Kilifi, Kenya, Dorcas N. Magai, Michael Mwaniki, Amina Abubakar, Shebe Mohammed, Anne L. Gordon, Raphael Kalu, Paul Mwangi, Hans M. Koot, and Charles R. Newton

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Effects of vitamin D deficiency on neurobehavioural outcomes in children: a systematic review, Agnes M. Mutua, Reagan M. Mogire, Alison M. Elliott, Thomas N. Williams, Emily L. Webb, Amina Abubakar, and Sarah H. Atkinson

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Vitamin D Status Is Not Associated with Cognitive or Motor Function in Pre-School Ugandan Children, Agnes M. Mutua, Margaret Nampijja, Alison M. Elliott, John M. Pettifor, Thomas N. Williams, Amina Abubakar, Emily L. Webb, and Sarah H. Atkinson

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Validation of a Swahili version of the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) among adults living with HIV compared to a community sample from Kilifi, Kenya, Paul Mwangi, Moses K. Nyongesa, Hans M. Koot, Pim Cuijpers, Charles R.J.C. Newton, and Abubakar Abdillah

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Individualized breastfeeding support for acutely ill, malnourished infants under 6 months old, Martha Mwangome, Sheila Murunga, Jane Kahindi, Prinilla Gwiyo, Grace Mwasho, Alison Talbert, Laura Kiige, Betty Samburu, Neema Mturi, Amina Abubakar, Caroline Jones, and James A. Berkley

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The reliability, validity and factorial structure of the Swahili version of the 7-item generalized anxiety disorder scale (GAD-7) among adults living with HIV from Kilifi, Kenya, Moses K. Nyongesa, Paul Mwangi, Hans M. Koot, Pim Cuijpers, Charles R. J. C. Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Correlates of health-related quality of life among adults receiving combination antiretroviral therapy in coastal Kenya, Moses K. Nyongesa, Paul Mwangi, Stanley Wanjala, Agnes M. Mutua, Hans M. Koot, Pim Cuijpers, Charles R. J. C. Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Quantifying long-term health and economic outcomes for survivors of group B Streptococcus invasive disease in infancy: protocol of a multi-country study in Argentina, India, Kenya, Mozambique and South Africa, Proma Paul, Simon R. Procter, Ziyaad Dangor, Quique Bassat, Amina Abubakar, Sridhar Santhanam, Romina Libster, Bronner P. Gonçalves, Shabir A. Madhi, and Azucena Bardají

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Clustering of health risk behaviors among adolescents in Kilifi, Kenya, a rural Sub-Saharan African setting, Derrick Ssewanyana, Amina Abubakar, Charles R. J. C. Newton, Mark Otiende, George Mochamah, Christopher Nyundo, David Walumbe, Gideon Nyutu, Aoife M. Doyle, and David A. Ross

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Socio-ecological determinants of alcohol, tobacco, and drug use behavior of adolescents in Kilifi County at the Kenyan coast, Derrick Ssewanyana, Patrick N. Mwangala, Vicki Marsh, Irene Jao, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R. Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Beyond Their HIV Status: the Occurrence of Multiple Health Risk Behavior Among Adolescents from a Rural Setting of Sub-Saharan Africa, Derrick Ssewanyana, Charles R. Newton, Anneloes van Baar, Amin S. Hassan, Alan Stein, H. Gerry Taylor, Fons Van De Vijver, Gaia Scerif, and Amina Abubakar

Submissions from 2019

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Developmental Assets and Academic Performance of Adolescents in Ghana, Kenya, and South Africa, Byron Gregory Adams, Nora Wiium, and Amina Abubakar

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Priority mental, neurological and substance use disorders in rural Kenya: Traditional health practitioners’ and primary health care workers’ perspectives, Mary A. Bitta, Symon M. Kariuki, Joseph Gona, Amina Abubakar, and Charles R. J. C. Newto

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Does organizational formalization facilitate voice and helping organizational citizenship behaviors? It depends on (national) uncertainty norms, Ronald Fischer, Maria Cristina Ferreira, Nathalie Van Meurs Meurs, Kubilay Gok, Ding-Yu Jiang, Johnny RJ Fontaine, Charles Harb, Jan Cieciuch, Mustapha Achoui, Ma Socorro D Mendoza, Arif Hassan, Donna Achmadi, Andrew A Mogaji, and Amina Abubakar

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Neurocognitive correlates of seizure disorders in preschool children from rural Kenya: A population-based study, Symon M Kariuki, Amina Abubakar, Martha Kombe, and Charles RJC Newton

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A randomized control trial of phototherapy and 20% albumin versus phototherapy and saline in Kilifi, Kenya, Dorcas N. Magai, Michael Mwaniki, Amina Abubakar, Shebe Mohammed, Anne L. Gordon, Raphael Kalu, Paul Mwangi, Hans M. Koot, and Charles R. Newton

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Patterns of neurobehavioral functioning in school-aged survivors of neonatal jaundice and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in Kilifi, Kenya: A cross-sectional study, Dorcas N Magai, Charles R Newton, Paul Mwangi, Hans M Koot, and Amina Abubakar

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Standardization of the Computerized Battery for Neuropsychological Evaluation of Children (BENCI) in an urban setting, in Kenya: a study protocol, Rachel Wanjiru Maina, Amina Abubakar, Perez‑Garcia Miguel, Fons J. R. Van De Vijver, and Manasi Kumar

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The NeuroDev Study: Phenotypic and Genetic Characterization of Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Kenya and South Africa, Victoria de Menil, Michelle Hoogenhout, Patricia Kipkemoi, Dorcas Kamuya, Emma Eastman, Alice Galvin, Jantina de Vries, Symon M. Kariuki, Serini Murugasen, and Amina Abubakar

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Screening tools for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders among adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review, Patrick N. Mwangala, Charles R. Newton, Melanie Abas, and Amina Abubakar

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Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms among adults living with HIV in rural Kilifi, Kenya, Moses K. Nyongesa, Paul Mwangi, Stanley W. Wanjala, Agnes M. Mutua, Charles R. J. C. Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Assessing executive function in adolescence: A scoping review of existing measures and their psychometric robustness, Moses K Nyongesa, Derrick Ssewanyana, Agnes M Mutua, Esther Chongwo, Gaia Scerif, Charles RJC Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Inter-relatedness of underlying factors for injury and violence among adolescents in rural coastal Kenya: A qualitative study, Derrick Ssewanyana, Anneloes van Baar, Patrick N. Mwangala, Charles R. Newton, and Amina Abubakar

Submissions from 2018

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Community dialogues as a strategy for identifying and addressing child protection needs in Shinyanga, Tanzania, Amina Abubakar, Sadaf Shallwani, Stanley Wechuli Wanjala, Patrick Nzivo Mwangala, and Moses Kachama Nyongesa

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Prevalence and correlates of home delivery amongst HIV-infected women attending care at a rural public health facility in Coastal Kenya, Stevenson K Chea, Tabitha W Mwangi, Kennedy K Ndirangu, Osman A Abdullahi, Patrick K Munywoki Munywoki, Amina Abubakar, and Amin S Hassan

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Validation of a Swahili version of the World Health Organization 5-item well-being index among adults living with HIV and epilepsy in rural coastal Kenya, Esther Chongwo, Derrick Ssewanyana, Carophine Nasambu, Patrick N Mwangala, Paul M Mwangi, Moses K Nyongesa, Charles R Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Prevalence, risk factors and behavioural and emotional comorbidity of acute seizures in young Kenyan children: a population-based study, Symon M. Kariuki Kariuki, Amina Abubakar, Martha Kombe, Michael Kazungu, Rachael Odhiambo, Alan Stein, and Charles RJC Newton

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Creation of the WHO Indicators of Infant and Young Child Development (IYCD): metadata synthesis across 10 countries, Gillian A Lancaster, Gareth McCray, Patricia Kariger, Tarun Dua, Andrew Titman, Jaya Chandna, Dana McCoy, Amina Abubakar, Jena Derakhshani Hamadani, Günther Fink, Fahmida Tofail, Melissa Gladstone, and Magdalena Janus

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Evaluation of the INTERGROWTH-21st Neurodevelopment Assessment (INTER-NDA) in 2 year-old children, Elizabeth Murray, Michelle Fernandes, Charles RJ Newton, Amina Abubakar, Stephen H Kennedy, Jose Villar, and Alan Stein

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Cognition, mood and quality-of-life outcomes among low literacy adults living with epilepsy in rural Kenya: A preliminary study, Patrick N Mwangala, Symon M Kariuki, Moses K Nyongesa, Paul Mwangi, Esther Chongwo, Charles R Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Screening tools for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders among adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review [version 1; peer review: 1 approved, 1 approved with reservations], Patrick N Mwangala, Charles R Newton, Melanie Abas, and Amina Abubakar

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Neurocognitive and mental health outcomes and association with quality of life among adults living with HIV: a cross-sectional focus on a low-literacy population from coastal Kenya, Moses Kachama Nyongesa, Patrick N Mwangala, Paul Mwangi, Martha Kombe, Charles RJC Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Perspectives on underlying factors for unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle of adolescents at a Kenyan coastal setting, Derrick Ssewanyana, Amina Abubakar, Anneloes Van Baar, Patrick N Mwangala, and Charles R Newton

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Young people’s and stakeholders’ perspectives of adolescent sexual risk behavior in Kilifi County, Kenya: a qualitative study, Derrick Ssewanyana, Patrick N Mwangala, Vicki Marsh, Irene Jao, Anneloes Van Baar, Charles R Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Health risk behavior among perinatally HIV exposed uninfected adolescents: A systematic review, Derrick Ssewanyana, Patrick N Mwangala, Moses Kachama Nyongesa, Anneloes van Baar, and Amina Abubakar

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Health risk behaviour among adolescents living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Derrick Ssewanyana, Patrick N Mwangala, Anneloes Van Baar, Charles R Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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A contextually relevant approach to assessing health risk behavior in a rural sub-Saharan Africa setting: the Kilifi health risk behavior questionnaire, Derrick Ssewanyana, Anneloes Van Baar, Charles R Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Advancing the Sustainable Development Goal for Education Through Developmentally Informed Approaches to Measurement, Alice J Wuermli, Antje Von Suchodoletz, and Amina Abubakar

Submissions from 2017

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An evaluation of the quality of pre-primary schooling in East Africa and its association with early primary outcomes, Frances E Aboud, Amina Abubakar, Elias Kumbakumba, Shehe Abdalla Moh'd, and Melanie Dirks

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Infections of the Central Nervous System and Child Development in Sub-Saharan Africa, Amina Abubakar

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Cross-cultural comparisons, Amina Abubakar and Fons JR Van de Vijver

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How to adapt tests for Sub-Saharan Africa, Amina Abubakar and Fons JR Van De Vijver

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Cumulative psychosocial risk is a salient predictor of depressive symptoms among vertically HIV-infected and HIV-affected adolescents at the Kenyan Coast, Amina Abubakar, Fons JR Van de Vijver, Amin S Hassan, Ronald Fischer, Moses K Nyongesa, Beatrice Kabunda, James A Berkley, Alan Stein, and Charles R Newton

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Fatherhood in the African Context: Review and a Case Study in Kenya, Amina Abubakar, Stanley W Wanjala, and Anneloes L Van Baar

The Relationship Between Well-Being and Value Priorities as Well as Intersubjective Norms Among Emerging Adults in South Africa, Byron G Adams, Ronald Fischer, and Amina Abubakar

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Antimalarial drugs and the prevalence of mental and neurological manifestations: A systematic review and meta-analysis [version 1; peer review: 1 approved, 1 approved with reservations], Mary A Bitta, Symon M Kariuki, Clifford Mwita, Samson Gwer, Leah Mwai, and Amina Abubakar

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Burden of neurodevelopmental disorders in low and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Mary Bitta, Symon M Kariuki, Amina Abubakar, and Charles RJC Newton

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Identity resources for positive adaptation of Roma ethnic minority youth in Albania, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Italy, Kosovo, and Romania, Radosveta Dimitrova, Pasquale Musso, Amina Abubakar, Iva Polackova Solcova, Delia Stefenel, Fitim Uka, and Venzislav Jordanov

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Measuring neurodevelopment in low-resource settings, Melissa Gladstone, Amina Abubakar, Richard Idro, John Langfitt, and Charles R Newton

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G492 Who 0–3 developmental indicators–a systematic analysis of developmental trajectories of items from seven assessment tools in ten countries, M Gladstone, G Lancaster, P Kariger, M Janus, G McCray, D McCoy, G Fink, Amina Abubakar, J Hamandani, and T Dua

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Depressive symptoms are negatively associated with glucose testing and eating meals on time among individuals with diabetes in Zambia, Given Hapunda, Amina Abubakar, Frans Pouwer, and Fons Van De Vijver

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Applying the bioecological model to understand factors contributing to psychosocial well-being and healthcare of children and adolescents with diabetes mellitus, Given Hapunda, Amina Abubakar, and Fons van de Vijver

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Burden, risk factors, and comorbidities of behavioural and emotional problems in Kenyan children: a population-based study, Symon M Kariuki, Amina Abubakar, Martha Kombe, Michael Kazungu, Rachael Odhiambo, Alan Stein, and Charles RJC Newton

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Prevalence, risk factors and behavioural and emotional comorbidity of acute seizures in young Kenyan children: a population-based study, Symon M. Kariuki, Amina Abubakar, Martha Kombe, Michael Kazungu, Rachael Odhiambo, Alan Stein, and Charles R. J. C. Newton

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Prevalence, causes, and behavioral and emotional comorbidities of acute symptomatic seizures in Africa: a critical review, Symon M Kariuki, Amina Abubakar, Alan Stein, Kevin Marsh, and Charles RJC Newton

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Prevalence, risk factors, and neurobehavioral comorbidities of epilepsy in Kenyan children, Charles J Kind, Charles R. J. C. Newton, Symon M Kariuki, Amina Abubakar, and Neurodevelopment Disorders Study Group

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A mixed methods approach to adapting and evaluating the functional assessment of HIV infection (FAHI), Swahili version, for use with low literacy populations, Moses K Nyongesa, Antipa Sigilai, Amin S Hassan, Janet Thoya, Rachael Odhiambo, Fons JR Van de Vijver, Charles RJC Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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Psychometric evaluation of the Major Depression Inventory among young people living in Coastal Kenya, Mark Otiende, Amina Abubakar, George Mochamah, David Walumbe, Christopher Nyundo, Aoife M Doyle, David A Ross, Charles R Newton, and Evasius Bauni

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Investigating the evidence of behavioral, cognitive, and psychiatric endophenotypes in autism: a systematic review, Kavita Ruparelia, Karim Manji, Amina Abubakar, and Charles R Newton

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Prioritizing Research for Integrated Implementation of Early Childhood Development and Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health and Nutrition Platforms, Renee Sharma, Michelle F. Gaffey, Harold Alderman, Diego G. Bassan, Kimber Bogard, Gary L. Darmstadt, Jai K. Das, and Kofi Marfo

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Health risk behavior among chronically ill adolescents: a systematic review of assessment tools, Derrick Ssewanyana, Moses Kachama Nyongesa, Anneloes Van Baar, Charles R Newton, and Amina Abubakar

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International estimated fetal weight standards of the INTERGROWTH‐21st Project, J Stirnemann, J Villar, LJ Salomon, E Ohuma, P Ruyan, DG Altman, Amina Abubakar, and F Nosten

Submissions from 2016

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Social connectedness, life satisfaction and school engagement: Moderating role of ethnic minority status on resilience processes of Roma youth, Amina Abubakar and Radosveta Dimitrova

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Adaptation and latent structure of the Swahili version of Beck Depression Inventory-II in a low literacy population in the context of HIV, Amina Abubakar, Raphael Birya Kalu, Khamis Katana, Beatrice Kabunda, Amin S Hassan, Charles R Newton, and Fons Van de Vijver

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Autism spectrum disorders in sub-Saharan Africa, Amina Abubakar, Derrick Ssewanyana, Petrus J de Vries, and Charles R Newton

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A systematic review of research on autism spectrum disorders in Sub-Saharan Africa, Amina Abubakar, Derrick Ssewanyana, and Charles R Newton

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Assessing sense of school belonging across cultural contexts using the PSSM: Measurement and functional invariance, Amina Abubakar, Fons JR Van de Vijver, Itziar Alonso-Arbiol, Angela O Suryani, Weny Savitry Pandia, Penny Handani, Josephine Arasa, Lubna Mazrui, and Margaret Murugumi

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‘Everyone has a secret they keep close to their hearts’: challenges faced by adolescents living with HIV infection at the Kenyan coast, Amina Abubakar, Fons JR Van de Vijver, Ronald Fischer, Amin S Hassan, Joseph K Gona, Judith Tumaini Dzombo, Grace Bomu, Khamis Katana, and Charles R Newton

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The effects of prenatal HIV exposure on language functioning in Kenyan children: establishing an evaluative framework, KJ Alcock, Amina Abubakar, Charles R Newton, and Penny Holding

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Validity and reliability of the Zambian version of the Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) scale: A triangulation with cognitive interviews, Given Hapunda, Amina Abubakar, Frans Pouwer, and Fons Van de Vijver

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Evaluation of psychometric properties and factorial structure of the pre-school child behaviour checklist at the Kenyan Coast, Symon M Kariuki, Amina Abubakar, Elizabeth Murray, Alan Stein, and Charles RJC Newton

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Context and the Advancement of a Global Science of Human Development: A Commentary, Kofi Marfo

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Pre-adoption adversity and behavior problems in adopted Chinese children: A longitudinal study, Tony Xing Tan and Kofi Marfo

Submissions from 2014

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Creating a Link between School and Home Literacy Practices: The Case of Rural Primary Schools in Kisii Central District, Kisii County, Kenya, George Andima

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Some Growth Points in African Child Development Research, Robert Serpell and Kofi Marfo

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Some long-standing and emerging research lines in Africa, Robert Serpell and Kofi Marfo

Submissions from 2013

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Socio-cultural determinants of health-seeking behaviour on the Kenyan coast: a qualitative study, Amina Abubakar, Anneloes Van Baar, Ronald Fischer, Grace Bomu, Joseph K. Gona, and Charles R. Newton

Submissions from 2012

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Prevalence and risk factors for poor nutritional status among children in the Kilimanjaro region of Tanzania, Amina Abubakar, Jacqueline Uriyo, Sia E Msuya, Mark Swai, and Babill Stray-Pedersen

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Behavioral problems in children with epilepsy in rural Kenya, Symon M Kariuki, Amina Abubakar, Penny A Holding, Victor Mung’ala-Odera, Eddie Chengo, Michael Kihara, Brian G Neville, and Charles Newton

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Second-first language acquisition: analysis of expressive language skills in a sample of girls adopted from China, Tony Xing Tan, Troy Loker, Robert F. Dredrick, and Kofi Marfo

Submissions from 2011

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Maternal perceptions of factors contributing to severe under-nutrition among children in a rural African setting, Amina Abubakar, Penelope Holding, Martha Mwangome, and Kathryn Maitland

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Envisioning an African Child Development Field, Kofi Marfo

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Strengthening Africa’s Contributions to Child Development Research: Introduction, Kofi Marfo, Alan Pence, Robert A. LeVine, and Sarah LeVine

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Bridging Culture, Research, and Practice in Early Childhood Development: The Madrasa Resource Centers in East Africa, Peter Mwaura and Kofi Marfo

Submissions from 2010

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Early developmental and psychosocial risks and longitudinal behavioral adjustment outcomes for preschool-age girls adopted from China, Tony Xing Tan, Kofi Marfo, and Robert F. Dedrick

Submissions from 2009

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The role of weight for age and disease stage in poor psychomotor outcome of HIV‐infected children in Kilifi, Kenya, Amina Abubakar, Penny Holding, Charles RJC Newton, Anneloes Van Baar, and Fons JR Van de Vijver

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Preschool-age adopted Chinese children's sleep problems and family sleep arrangements, Tony Xing Tan, Kofi Marfo, and Robert F. Dedrick

Submissions from 2008

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Monitoring psychomotor development in a resourcelimited setting: an evaluation of the Kilifi Developmental Inventory, Amina Abubakar, P Holding, A. Van Baar, C. R. J. C. Newton, and F. J. R. Van DE Vijver

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Paediatric HIV and neurodevelopment in sub‐Saharan Africa: a systematic review, Amina Abubakar, Anneloes Van Baar, Fons JR Van de Vijver, Penny Holding, and Charles RJC Newton

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Socioeconomic status, anthropometric status, and psychomotor development of Kenyan children from resource-limited settings: a path-analytic study, Amina Abubakar, Fons Van de Vijver, Leonard oes Van Baar, Leonard Mbonani, Raphael Kalu, Charles Newton, and Penny Holding