Document Type

Case Report


Graduate School of Media and Communications


The media in Kenya mirrors the social, political and legal transformation that has taken place in the last half a century. Since independence, the media have been affected by the government’s oscillation between more authoritarian and more liberal regimes. Over the past two decades, however, the arc has been towards enhancements of freedom of expression, access to information, and economic growth that has supported the nation’s technological development and the viability of national and local news media. The media landscape is diverse and, with one news producing company for every 320,500 people, very competitive. Ownership of the nation’s news media is, however, highly concentrated, with six major media corporations controlling 95 percent of both the audience and advertising market share. As of the beginning of 2021, there were approximately 173 radio stations, 72 TV channels and 19 newspapers and 13 online news sites serving Kenya.