Evaluating kidney function using a point-of-care creatinine test in Ugandan children with severe malaria: a prospective cohort study

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Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) disproportionately affects individuals in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, LMIC—particularly countries in sub-Saharan Africa— are under-represented in global AKI research. A critical barrier in diagnosing AKI is access to reliable serum creatinine results. We evaluated the utility of a point-of-care test to measure creatinine and diagnose AKI in Ugandan children with malaria.

Methods: Paired admission creatinine was assessed in 539 Ugandan children 6 months to 4 years of age hospitalized with severe malaria based on blood smear or rapid diagnostic test. Creatinine levels were measured using isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS)-traceable methods. The reference creatinine was measured using the modified Jaffe method by a certified laboratory and the point-of-care testing was conducted using an i-STAT blood analyzer (i-STAT1, with and without adjustment for the partial pressure of carbon dioxide). AKI was defined and staged using the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria.

Results: The mean age of children was 2.1 years, and 21.6% of children were stunted. Mortality was 7.6% in-hospital. Over the entire range of measured creatinine values (<0.20mg/dL-8.4mg/dL), the correlation between the reference creatinine and adjusted and unadjusted point-of-care creatinine was high with R2 values of 0.95 and 0.93 respectively; however, the correlation was significantly lower in children with creatinine values <1mg/dL (R2 of 0.44 between the reference and adjusted and unadjusted i-STAT creatinine). The prevalence of AKI was 45.5% using the reference creatinine, and 27.1 and 32.3% using the unadjusted and adjusted point-of-care creatinine values, respectively. There was a step-wise increase in mortality across AKI stages, and all methods were strongly associated with mortality (p

Conclusions: Point-of-care assessment of creatinine in lean Ugandan childrenglobally.


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

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BioMed Central

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.