Iron deficiency anaemia in children of a peri-urban health facility

Document Type



Paediatrics and Child Health (East Africa)


Objective: To ascertain the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia(IDA) and its risk factors.

Design: A cross -sectional survey.

Setting: A peri-urban health centre in Nairobi, Kenya.

Subjects: Four hundred and three children, aged six months to six years.

Intervention: Demographic data were obtained and each child examined for signs of iron deficiency anaemia. Blood was drawn for haemoglobin determination.

Main outcome measure: The diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia was made using a pre-defined criteria.

Results: Iron deficiency anaemia had a prevalence of 7.4% (95% CI=4.8-10.0) and was predominantly mild (93.6%). Age was found to be significantly associated with iron deficiency anaemia with a prevalence of (14.6%) in infants. No association was found between IDA and sex, birthweight, weaning age and weaning diet, sanitation, water source or mother's education.

Conclusion: The prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia in this health facility was relatively low and was predominantly mild.


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication (Name of Journal)

East African Medical Journal