Document Type



General Surgery (East Africa)


Hip fractures are common in the United Kingdom with an overall estimated annual incidence of 100 fractures per 10,000 of the population for males and 81 per 10,000 for females [1], and with an ageing population this figure is set to rise [2]. From recent estimates, this costs the British tax payer over £750,000,000 a year, with over half this amount spent in social care of the patients recovering from the fracture [3]. Elderly hip fracture patients often have co-morbidities and mortality in the first year can be as high as 33% [4].


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication (Name of Journal)

MOJ Orthopedics & Rheumatology

Included in

Orthopedics Commons