History of African women in neurosurgery

Document Type



General Surgery (East Africa)


The number of women in the medical field has increased in Africa over the last few decades, yet the underrepresentation of women within neurosurgery has been a recurrent theme. Of all surgical disciplines, neurosurgery is among the least equitable, and the rate of increase in female surgeons lags behind other surgical disciplines such as general surgery. This historical review provides an overview of the history of women in neurosurgery and their current status on the African continent. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first article to provide such an overview.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Neurosurgical Focus