Document Type

Case Report

Department

Family Medicine (East Africa); General Surgery (East Africa); Obstetrics and Gynaecology (East Africa)

Abstract

Introduction and importance: Endometriosis is a common cause of infertility in women. In this case report we explain successful conception in deep-infiltrating ovarian endometriosis following robot-assisted surgery and androgenic agonist treatment.

Case presentation: A 38-year-old current Para 2, Living 2 presented 8 years ago with chronic lower abdominal pain, dysmenorrhea, and delayed conception. Advance endometriosis was highly suspected from the history and examination. Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial cystectomy was performed for the deep-infiltrating ovarian endometriosis. She was then discharged with postoperative androgenic agonists and with timed intercourse, she got pregnant within 9 months.

Clinical discussion: Advanced endometriosis (Stage III or IV disease) is associated with distorted pelvic anatomy and adhesions. These changes can impair oocyte release or pick-up, alter sperm motility, cause disordered myometrial contractions, and impair fertilization and embryo transport. Successful rate of conception in advanced endometriosis is <20 >%, with minimal chances of successful conception, however, our patient conceived.

Conclusion: Endometriosis should be considered in evaluation of reproductive woman with chronic lower abdominal pain, history of infertility and dysmenorrhea. Prompt management is crucial, and in a setting of advanced technology, robotic laparoscopic surgery is the best to diagnosis and treat advanced endometriosis.

Publication

International Journal of Surgery Case Reports

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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