Document Type

Article

Department

Family Medicine (East Africa); Imaging and Diagnostic Radiology (East Africa); Obstetrics and Gynaecology (East Africa)

Abstract

Introduction: Ectopic pregnancy results of implantation of conceptus outside of endometrial cavity. It remains an important cause of maternal mortality. Spontaneous bilateral tubal pregnancies are the rare form of ectopic and are considered spontaneous when no fertility treatments are involved. Case findings: A 31-year-old nulliparous woman presented at the Family Medicine Clinic with complaints of non- specific mild lower abdominal pain for 3 days and amenorrhea for 5 weeks. Transvaginal Ultrasound showed bilateral unruptured adnexa pregnancies. The trial of medical therapy was done without success and later lap- arotomy salpingostomy was done. One year later patient was able to conceive and delivery well by cesareans section.

Discussion: Bilateral ectopic pregnancy is a unique from of twin pregnancy frequently occurring with assisted reproductive technology rather than spontaneous pregnancy. Diagnosis of bilateral ectopic pregnancy is often challenging as the clinical symptoms and signs may not be indicative of bilateral involvement. Laboratory test with βhcg levels cannot suggestive if is unilateral or bilateral nature and sonographers may be falsely reassured if they are not careful and satisfied with visualization of ectopic gestation on one side. Laparoscopic salpingostomy or salpingectomy is the gold standard treatment modality for bilateral tubal ectopic pregnancy although lapa- rotomy may be indicated in unstable patient.

Conclusion and recommendation: Therefore, any women in childbearing age presenting with clinical features of acute lower abdominal pain should be considered to have potential ectopic gestation.

Publication

International Journal of Surgery Case Reports

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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